Caravaggio, 1571 - 1610

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was an Italian painter. He is representative of the Baroque period because of his use of the chiaroscuro and all the dramatic and emotional scenes depict on his work.

Caravaggio was famous while he lived but was almost forgotten after his death until the 20th century. Anyway, his influence on the new Baroque style was profound.

La muerte de la Virgen by Caravaggio
La muerte de la Virgen, 1604 – 1606

Masterpiece of Caravaggio

Judit y Holofernes - Caravaggio, 1599

Judith y Holofernes by Caravaggio detailJudith Beheading Holofernes is an oil on canvas painting with a biblical subject. Judith served her people by seducing the Assyrian general Holofernes. She gets him drunk then slays him.

Caravaggio choose the most dramatic moment, the decapitation itself. Judith shows in her face a mix of repulsion and determination while Holofernes is absolutely terrified and the maid is confident but also watches out. The scene is theatrically dramatic, lit from the side against a black background.

La vocación de San Mateo by Caravaggio
La vocación de San Mateo, 1600