Goya, 1746 - 1828

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of late 18th and early 19th centuries. He was also one of the best portraitists of modern times. He was born to a modest family in the village of Fuentetodos in Aragon.

La maja vestida by Goya
La maja vestida, 1800 - 1808

Masterpiece of Goya

Goya - El 3 de mayo en Madrid, 1814

El 3 de mayo en Madrid by Goya detailThe Third of May 1808, also known as Los fusilamientos de la montaña de Príncipe Pío or Los fusilamientos del tres de mayo, is a oil on canvas painting. It is an archetypal, groundbreaking image of the horrors of war and it marked a clear break from convention because it has no distinct precedent and is acknowledged as one of the first paintings of the modern era. The Third of May 1808 has inspired a number of other major paintings.

Goya commemorated the uprising in The Second of May, which depicts a charge against the rebels in the Puerta del Sol square in Madrid, the site of several hours of fierce combat. The Third of May illustrates the French reprisals: before dawn the next day hundreds of Spaniards were rounded up and shot at a number of locations around Madrid.

El quitasol by Goya
El quitasol, 1777